From this Romanticist elite culture came the elves of popular culture that emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. [122], If a human watched the dance of the elves, he would discover that even though only a few hours seemed to have passed, many years had passed in the real world. In the eighteenth century, German Romanticist writers were influenced by this notion of the elf, and reimported the English word elf into the German language. The plural form of elf is elves. They left a circle where they had danced, which were called älvdanser (elf dances) or älvringar (elf circles), and to urinate in one was thought to cause venereal diseases. Used figuratively for "mischievous person" from 1550s. 750-1050)-language text, Articles containing Malagasy-language text, Lang and lang-xx code promoted to ISO 639-1, Articles containing Middle High German (ca. Tagalog to English. English . They occur most often in oral narratives and news reporting in which they disrupt house- and road-building. Search Query: elf. [69][70] As well as appearing in medical texts, the Old English word ælf and its feminine derivative ælbinne were used in glosses to translate Latin words for nymphs. [129] It existed in two shapes, one was a pentagram and it was still frequently used in early 20th-century Sweden as painted or carved onto doors, walls and household utensils in order to protect against elves. Written by the late William Collins", "Getting Shot of Elves: Healing, Witchcraft and Fairies in the Scottish Witchcraft Trials", "Elves on the Brain: Chaucer, Old English and, "Magic, Miracle, and Popular Practice in the Early Medieval West: Anglo-Saxon England", "Elves in the Psalms? Non-human anito are known as diwata, usually euphemistically referred to as dili ingon nato ('those unlike us'). In Māori culture, Patupaiarehe are beings similar to European elves and fairies. They include a fleeting mention of elves seen out riding in 1168 (in Sturlunga saga); mention of an álfablót ("elves' sacrifice") in Kormáks saga; and the existence of the euphemism ganga álfrek ('go to drive away the elves') for "going to the toilet" in Eyrbyggja saga. [120] Many of these ballads are first attested in Karen Brahes Folio, a Danish manuscript from the 1570s, but they circulated widely in Scandinavia and northern Britain. [154] In the Finnic-speaking world, the term usually thought most closely equivalent to elf is haltija (in Finnish) or haldaja (Estonian). Orang bunian are supernatural beings in Malaysian, Bruneian and Indonesian folklore,[163] invisible to most humans except those with spiritual sight. This is not necessarily the case, however. [75] An example is Geoffrey Chaucer's satirical tale Sir Thopas, where the title character sets out in a quest for the "elf-queen", who dwells in the "countree of the Faerie". [160], Khmer culture in Cambodia includes the Mrenh kongveal, elfish beings associated with guarding animals. Top ELF acronym definition related to defence: English Language Framework [46], Elves appear in some place names, though it is difficult to be sure how many as a variety of other words, including personal names, can appear similar to elf. [78] However, elves are frequently mentioned in the alliterating phrase Æsir ok Álfar ('Æsir and elves') and its variants. Although elfs may occasionally be found in print the accepted modern plural form of elf is elves. Police video of the incident showed the officer in his, Another new company, Santa: The Experience, offers parents a video tour, hosted by an, Melissa Villaseñor and Mikey Day bring their daughter to a virtual contactless, In this different kind of puzzle, Dudás encourages his fans to find the, Fundraiser for Tinley Wish; $10 donation gets you an, Through Santa — The Experience, customers who reserve a time slot will be taken through five scenes guided by an, Listen to a story, write a letter to Santa, learning how to make sugar cookie icing and. Typically, elf circles were fairy rings consisting of a ring of small mushrooms, but there was also another kind of elf circle. Reply. [122] The Swedish älvor were stunningly beautiful girls who lived in the forest with an elven king.[123][124]. [112], As in Old Norse, however, there are few characters identified as elves. [150] In the Celtic-speaking regions of north-west Europe, the beings most similar to elves are generally referred to with the Gaelic term Aos Sí. [113] Thus, some dwarves that appear in German heroic poetry have been seen as relating to elves. The most common, though also most harmless case was various irritating skin rashes, which were called älvablåst (elven puff) and could be cured by a forceful counter-blow (a handy pair of bellows was most useful for this purpose). Rossella Carnevali and Alice Masillo, ', Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings, "Verses versus the Vanir: Response to Simek's "Vanir Obituary", "Elves and Exorcism: Runic and Other Lead Amulets in Medieavl Popular Religion", "Novatoadvance.com, Chasing waterfalls ... and elves", "Icelandreview.com, Iceland Still Believes in Elves and Ghosts", A Brief History of Psychiatry in Islamic World, "Islam, Mental Health and Law: A General Overview", "An Ode on the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands. Definition of elf noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Examples Elves are magical creatures from Germanic folklore, typically with an appearance similar to humans but supernaturally beautiful. With urbanisation and industrialisation in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, beliefs in elves declined rapidly (though Iceland has some claim to continued popular belief in elves). A widespread survivor of these in modern English is Alfred (Old English Ælfrēd, "elf-advice"). Accessed 20 Dec. 2020. Most of them have Low German connections. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for elf and thousands of other words. Tolkien's writing had such influence that in the 1960s and afterwards, elves speaking an elvish language similar to those in Tolkien's novels became staple non-human characters in high fantasy works and in fantasy role-playing games. From a scientific viewpoint, elves are not considered objectively real. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Old High German (ca. Elf, plural Elves, in Germanic folklore, originally, a spirit of any kind, later specialized into a diminutive creature, usually in tiny human form. The elves pose a threat to the everyday community by trying to lure people into the elves' world. They continued to be associated with causing illnesses and with sexual threats. [94] But although limited, these texts provide some of the best evidence for the presence of elves in everyday beliefs in medieval Scandinavia. In The Queen of Elfland's Nourice, a woman is abducted to be a wet nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned. elves definition: 1. plural of elf 2. plural of elf 3. pl of elf. [64] However, this is now thought to be a misunderstanding: the image proves to be a conventional illustration of God's arrows and of Christian demons. An elf (plural: elves) is a type of humanlike supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore. This was encouraged by the idea that "elf-shot" is depicted in the Eadwine Psalter, in an image which became well known in this connection. Their appearance is nearly identical to humans dressed in an ancient Southeast Asian style. These names suggest that elves were positively regarded in early Germanic culture. ), Old English had parallel form *elfen (fem. Learn more. [125], Elves entered early modern elite culture most clearly in the literature of Elizabethan England. She is described as a beautiful old woman and by her aspect people saw that she belonged to the subterraneans. Even though Wichtelmänner are akin to beings such as kobolds, dwarves and brownies, the tale was translated into English by Margaret Hunt in 1884 as The Elves and the Shoemaker. [76], Evidence for elf beliefs in medieval Scandinavia outside Iceland is very sparse, but the Icelandic evidence is uniquely rich. However, in the modern languages, traditional terms related to álfr have tended to be replaced with other terms. web admin. [29] However, it again seems unlikely that the origin of beliefs in elves itself is to be explained by people's encounters with objectively real people affected by disease. Tagalog Translation | Tagalog Dictionary | Say It! In the Romance-speaking world, beings comparable to elves are widely known by words derived from Latin fata ('fate'), which came into English as fairy. This follows the common method of pluralizing nouns in English ending in an –f (shelf/shelves, calf/calves). [126], Elves have a prominent place in a number of closely related ballads which must have originated in the Middle Ages but are first attested in the early modern period. Spenser also presented his own explanation of the origins of the Elfe and Elfin kynd, claiming that they were created by Prometheus. In addition to elf / ælf (masc. [100], Both Continental Scandinavia and Iceland have a scattering of mentions of elves in medical texts, sometimes in Latin and sometimes in the form of amulets, where elves are viewed as a possible cause of illness. Accordingly, investigating the relationship between beliefs in elves and Christian cosmology has been a preoccupation of scholarship about elves both in early times and in modern research.[8]. These seem to associate elves fairly consistently with woods and valleys. Lysanor ... Livi and Alva are less popular picks bearing the popular meaning, and both have the in-demand V sound within them. A propensity to seduce or rape people becomes increasingly prominent in the source material. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names noun elves A supernatural creature of folk tales, typically represented as a small, delicate, elusive figure in human form with pointed ears, magical powers, and a capricious nature. This shows how the meanings of elf had changed, and was in itself influential: the usage is echoed, for example, in the house-elf of J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter stories. ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning of a … elf definition: 1. an imaginary being, often like a small person with pointed ears, in popular stories 2…. ‘birthmarks were thought to be bruises left by elves’ Elves began to be associated with Christmas in the United State in the 19th century, following the publication of such works as Clement Clarke Moore’s 1823 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas," which described the titular figure as "a right jolly old elf.". extremely low frequency ) n. pl. Tolkien also appears to be the first author to have introduced the notion that elves are immortal. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 13:57. One could appease the elves by offering them a treat (preferably butter) placed into an elven mill. AVERY: English surname transferred to unisex forename use, derived from the Middle English personal name Alfred, meaning "elf counsel." elf synonyms, elf pronunciation, elf translation, English dictionary definition of elf. In the Swedish folktale Little Rosa and Long Leda, an elvish woman (älvakvinna) arrives in the end and saves the heroine, Little Rose, on condition that the king's cattle no longer graze on her hill. The Experience of Evil from a Cosmic Perspective", "Die sprachvergleichung und die urgeschichte der indogermanischen völker", "Light-elves, Dark-elves, and Others: Tolkien's Elvish Problem", Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elf&oldid=995336803, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Old English (ca. In medieval Germanic-speaking cultures, elves seem generally to have been thought of as beings with magical powers and supernatural beauty, ambivalent towards everyday people and capable of either helping or hindering them. Accordingly, in the Brothers Grimm fairy tale Die Wichtelmänner (literally, "the little men"), the title protagonists are two tiny naked men who help a shoemaker in his work. [93], The appearance of elves in sagas is closely defined by genre. The effects of this on writing about elves are most apparent in England and Germany, with developments in each country influencing the other. These beings are sometimes known by words descended directly from the Old Norse álfr. [133], Folk stories told in the nineteenth century about elves are still told in modern Denmark and Sweden, but now feature ethnic minorities in place of elves in an essentially racist discourse. [34], The main medieval Germanic cognates are Old Norse alfr, plural alfar, Old High German alp, plural alpî, elpî (alongside the feminine elbe), Burgundian *alfs, and Middle Low German alfcode: mlg promoted to code: mg . All Free. We also provide more translator online here. While the term is often translated as "elves", it literally translates to "hidden people" or "whistling people". [48][49][50][51] In Old English, elves are most often mentioned in medical texts which attest to the belief that elves might afflict humans and livestock with illnesses: apparently mostly sharp, internal pains and mental disorders. 2. a. Also surviving are the English surname Elgar (Ælfgar, "elf-spear") and the name of St Alphege (Ælfhēah, "elf-tall"). elf - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Aerin is a cool Elvish name that comes from the Tolkien language. Goethe's poem then took on a life of its own, inspiring the Romantic concept of the Erlking, which was influential on literary images of elves from the nineteenth century on. They were round places where the grass had been flattened like a floor. … [citation needed] Post-Tolkien fantasy elves (which feature not only in novels but also in role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons) are often portrayed as being wiser and more beautiful than humans, with sharper senses and perceptions as well. Jakob Grimm thought whiteness implied positive moral connotations, and, noting Snorri Sturluson's ljósálfar, suggested that elves were divinities of light. In the analysis of Valdimar Tr. (in folklore) one of a kind of legendary beings, usually characterized as small, manlike, and mischievous 2. [54][55] Throughout these sources, elves are sometimes associated with the succubus-like supernatural being called the mare. [114][115], From around the Late Middle Ages, the word elf began to be used in English as a term loosely synonymous with the French loan-word fairy;[117] in elite art and literature, at least, it also became associated with diminutive supernatural beings like Puck, hobgoblins, Robin Goodfellow, the English and Scots brownie, and the Northumbrian English hob. [135] Meanwhile, A Midsummer Night's Dream promoted the idea that elves were diminutive and ethereal. This tradition continues into later English-language traditions too: elves continue to appear in Middle English medical texts. The Germanic word presumably originally meant "white one", perhaps as a euphemism. Skålgropar, a particular kind of petroglyph (pictogram on a rock) found in Scandinavia, were known in older times as älvkvarnar (elven mills), because it was believed elves had used them. Even when Icelanders do not explicitly express their belief, they are often reluctant to express disbelief. [82] There does not seem to have been any clear-cut distinction between humans and gods; like the Æsir, then, elves were presumably thought of as being humanlike and existing in opposition to the giants. [72] They became associated with medieval chivalric romance traditions of fairies and particularly with the idea of a Fairy Queen. [110], In later medieval prayers, Elves appear as a threatening, even demonic, force. In Scandinavia, the Romantic movement was also prominent, and literary writing was the main context for continued use of the word elf, except in fossilised words for illnesses. before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from Old English ælf; akin to Old Norse alfr elf & perhaps to Latin albus white — more at alb. This was clearly a well-established poetic formula, indicating a strong tradition of associating elves with the group of gods known as the Æsir, or even suggesting that the elves and Æsir were one and the same. [121], In order to protect themselves and their livestock against malevolent elves, Scandinavians could use a so-called Elf cross (Alfkors, Älvkors or Ellakors), which was carved into buildings or other objects. [1] However, the details of these beliefs have varied considerably over time and space, and have flourished in both pre-Christian and Christian cultures. elves ) 1. Take a look at this page to find out more Kacha Meanings in English. [91] As his most prominent deed in the poem is to rape Böðvildr, the poem associates elves with being a sexual threat to maidens. thanks. Science. There are, it should be noted, numerous exceptions to this, such as roof/roofs, and serf/serfs. The most popular example is Elveskud and its many variants (paralleled in English as Clerk Colvill), where a woman from the elf world tries to tempt a young knight to join her in dancing, or simply to live among the elves; in some versions he refuses and in some he accepts, but in either case he dies, tragically. It could be dangerous and one could become ill if one had trodden over such a place or if one destroyed anything there. [156] Elves bear some resemblances to the satyrs of Greek mythology, who were also regarded as woodland-dwelling mischief-makers. Integrating elves into Christian cosmology without identifying them as demons. However, it was his little helpers, inspired partly by folktales like The Elves and the Shoemaker, who became known as "Santa's elves"; the processes through which this came about are not well-understood, but one key figure was a Christmas-related publication by the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast. Send us feedback. Medieval English evidence has, therefore, attracted quite extensive research and debate. [52], Beliefs in elves causing illnesses remained prominent in early modern Scotland, where elves were viewed as being supernaturally powerful people who lived invisibly alongside everyday rural people. What does elf mean in English? [89][90], Although the relevant words are of slightly uncertain meaning, it seems fairly clear that Völundr is described as one of the elves in Völundarkviða. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. abbr. [105], In a similar vein, elves are in Middle German most often associated with deceiving or bewildering people in a phrase that occurs so often it would appear to be proverbial: die elben/der alp trieget mich ("the elves/elf are/is deceiving me"). [42] German examples are Alberich, Alphart and Alphere (father of Walter of Aquitaine)[43][44] and Icelandic examples include Álfhildur. Sometimes the everyday person is a woman and the elf is a man, as in the northern British Tam Lin, The Elfin Knight, and Lady Isabel and the Elf-Knight, in which the Elf-Knight bears away Isabel to murder her, or the Scandinavian Harpans kraft. [143], With industrialisation and mass education, traditional folklore about elves waned, but as the phenomenon of popular culture emerged, elves were reimagined, in large part on the basis of Romantic literary depictions and associated medievalism. [128], In folk stories, Scandinavian elves often play the role of disease spirits. [151][152] The equivalent term in modern Welsh is Tylwyth Teg. The Modern German Elf (m) and Elfe (f) was introduced as a loan-word from English in the 1740s[137][138] and was prominent in Christoph Martin Wieland's 1764 translation of A Midsummer Night's Dream. Elves definition is - plural of elf. [131] Whether significant numbers of Icelandic people do believe in elves or not, elves are certainly prominent in national discourses. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'elf.' In a few witchcraft trials people attest that these arrow-heads were used in healing rituals, and occasionally alleged that witches (and perhaps elves) used them to injure people and cattle. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Elb, Elben was consequently introduced in the 1972 German translation of The Lord of the Rings, repopularising the form in German. The word elf is found throughout the Germanic languages and seems originally to have meant 'white being'. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). During the Old English period, separate forms were used for female elves (such as ælfen, putatively from common Germanic *), but during the Middle English period the word elf came routinely to include female beings. [120], In Scandinavian folklore, a diverse array of humanlike supernatural beings are attested which might be thought of as elves and which might partly originate in medieval Scandinavian beliefs. Lyriel: Variant of Lyrical, meaning song. The "Christmas elves" of contemporary popular culture are a relatively recent creation, popularized during the late nineteenth-century in the United States. • Now people I've spoken to who used it then never said anything about machine elves of … Elves remain a prominent feature of fantasy books and games nowadays. "[132] Elves are also prominent, in similar roles, in contemporary Icelandic literature. The elves in this story are more alike those of traditional Danish folklore, who were beautiful females, living in hills and boulders, capable of dancing a man to death. "Die aufnahme des Wortes knüpft an Wielands Übersetzung von Shakespeares Sommernachtstraum 1764 und and Herders Voklslieder 1774 (Werke 25, 42) an"; E.g. The elves fend off, with more or less success, the attacks and advances of modern technology, palpable in the bulldozer. [121], The elves of Norse mythology have survived into folklore mainly as females, living in hills and mounds of stones. OLLIE : Unisex pet form of English Oliver and Olivia , both probably meaning "elf army." Found 20 sentences matching phrase "Elf dili".Found in 6 ms. For this reason, belief in elves has, from the Middle Ages through into recent scholarship, often been labelled "pagan" and a "superstition". Given the link between Freyr and the elves, it has therefore long been suspected that álfar and Vanir are, more or less, different words for the same group of beings. Because they were learned by heart, they sometimes mention elves, even though that term had become archaic in everyday usage. English American English. [141], In Scandinavia too, in the nineteenth century, traditions of elves were adapted to include small, insect-winged fairies. Looking for online definition of ELF or what ELF stands for? Advertisement. What does elf mean in English? The elves could be seen dancing over meadows, particularly at night and on misty mornings. [155] Meanwhile, an example of an equivalent in the Slavic-speaking world is the vila (plural vile) of Serbo-Croatian (and, partly, Slovene) folklore. English as a lingua franca, a linguistics term for the use of English between speakers of different varieties of English, describing communication that involves people who do not consider English their first language Thus, the alf found in the fairy tale The Elf of the Rose by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen is so tiny he can have a rose blossom for home, and "wings that reached from his shoulders to his feet". [61] The term may not always have denoted an actual projectile: shot could mean "a sharp pain" as well as "projectile". [71], Likewise, in Middle English and early modern Scottish evidence, while still appearing as causes of harm and danger, elves appear clearly as humanlike beings. ELF may be:. Reconstructing the early concept of an elf depends largely on texts, written by Christians, in Old and Middle English, medieval German, and Old Norse. In particular, Álfheimr (literally "elf-world") is mentioned as being given to Freyr in Grímnismál. [35][37], Germanic *ɑlβi-z~*ɑlβɑ-z is generally agreed to be a cognate with Latin albus ('(matt) white'); Old Irish ailbhín ('flock'); Greek alphoús ('white'; ἀλφούς); Albanian elb ('barley'); and Germanic words for 'swan' such as Modern Icelandic álpt. While often mentioned, this etymology is not widely accepted. British linguist Jennifer … Viewing elves as being more or less like people, and more or less outside Christian cosmology. As in Elveskud, sometimes the everyday person is a man and the elf a woman, as also in Elvehøj (much the same story as Elveskud, but with a happy ending), Herr Magnus og Bjærgtrolden, Herr Tønne af Alsø, Herr Bøsmer i elvehjem, or the Northern British Thomas the Rhymer. “Elf.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/elf. But in early modern Scotland elf-schot and other terms like elf-arrowhead are sometimes used of neolithic arrow-heads, apparently thought to have been made by elves. [81] Sigvatr Þórðarson's skaldic travelogue Austrfaravísur, composed around 1020, mentions an álfablót ('elves' sacrifice') in Edskogen in what is now southern Sweden. Accounts of Skuld in earlier sources, however, do not include this material. [107][108] This deception sometimes shows the seductive side apparent in English and Scandinavian material:[105] most famously, the early thirteenth-century Heinrich von Morungen's fifth Minnesang begins "Von den elben wirt entsehen vil manic man / Sô bin ich von grôzer liebe entsên" ("full many a man is bewitched by elves / thus I too am bewitched by great love"). The following table summarises the situation in the main modern standard languages of Scandinavia. [47], The earliest surviving manuscripts mentioning elves in any Germanic language are from Anglo-Saxon England. [157], Some scholarship draws parallels between the Arabian tradition of jinn with the elves of medieval Germanic-language cultures. [13], Scholars of Old Norse mythology now focus on references to elves in Old Norse poetry, particularly the Elder Edda. Thank you! Elf. A hallmark of many fantasy elves is their pointed ears. In particular, nineteenth-century scholars tended to think that the dwarf Alberich, whose name etymologically means "elf-powerful", was influenced by early traditions of elves. Kevyn Burger Special To The Star Tribune, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. The most famous name of this kind is Alboin. [74], By the end of the medieval period, elf was increasingly being supplanted by the French loan-word fairy. [35][36] These words must come from Common Germanic, the ancestor-language of English, German, and the Scandinavian languages: the Common Germanic forms must have been *ɑlβi-z and ɑlβɑ-z. What does ELF stand for in English? April 1, 2020 at 8:06 pm. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The other similar words are Bhoot and Jin. elf /elf/ noun (plural elves /elvz/) [ countable] an imaginary creature like a small person with pointed ears and magical powers → fairy, pixie Examples from the Corpus elf • Twoflower had always wanted to meet an elf. [142], English and German literary traditions both influenced the British Victorian image of elves, which appeared in illustrations as tiny men and women with pointed ears and stocking caps. [2] However, elves have in many times and places been believed to be real beings. [130] A 2006 and 2007 study by the University of Iceland's Faculty of Social Sciences revealed that many would not rule out the existence of elves and ghosts, a result similar to a 1974 survey by Erlendur Haraldsson. [143], The fantasy genre in the twentieth century grew out of nineteenth-century Romanticism, in which nineteenth-century scholars such as Andrew Lang and the Grimm brothers collected fairy stories from folklore and in some cases retold them freely. Elves have in many times and places been believed to be whimsical you in learning languages from... Adapted to include small, insect-winged fairies... Livi and Alva are less popular picks bearing the popular,! Known by words descended directly from the Old Norse álfr their social have. English medical texts source material the accepted modern plural form of elf 2. plural of include. Transmitting traditional ideas about elves What is the plural of elf 2. plural of?! Trying to lure people into the elves could be dangerous and one could the... Are selected automatically from various Online news sources to reflect current usage of the Elfe and Elfin,... Could appease the elves pose a threat to the Star Tribune, we Got this. 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Sexual relations with elf-women also occurs in later medieval prayers, elves are certainly prominent Scandinavia! Traditions about beings like elves remained prominent in national discourses early attestation of a feature. English words for elf include are Brownie, Elfin, fairy, Fay and pixie beings are associated! Also deliberately cause illnesses and misfortunes when disrespected or angered Brownie, elf meaning in english. Traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, so it may be referred to as dili ingon (. Descended directly from the Middle English medical texts are more common than you ’ think! Meant 'white being ' humans being invited or lured to the subterraneans Icelandic evidence is uniquely rich ;.. 132 ] elves are magical creatures from Germanic folklore, typically with an appearance to. A threatening, even though that term had become archaic in everyday usage Eddaic poetry, if )! ] elves also appear in Middle English elf, pixie, sprite and pixy you read or heard it including... Elf is found throughout the Germanic languages and seems originally to have elf meaning in english. Or rationalise beliefs in elves in any Germanic Language are from Anglo-Saxon England Knowledge and! As diwata, usually euphemistically referred to as dili ingon nato ( 'those unlike us '.. Us ' ) attestation of a prominent tradition English personal name Alfred, meaning `` elf counsel. subscribe America! Has the meaning of being ‘ ocean ’ is Alboin with the succubus-like supernatural being Germanic! Some locations it also had to be gifted in magic, and with sexual threats traditions of fairies particularly. Traditions of elves became influential in eighteenth-century Germany repopularising the form in German heroic poetry have seen... ] Bhoot: بھوت: Jin: جن: Definitions of elf from... Role of disease spirits Translator Write word or Sentence ( max 1,000 chars ) English! Kynd, claiming that they can not be neatly categorised name Alea but i changed into. English medical texts learning languages is the plural of elf Elfin Hill 129 ] in some locations it had. Suggested that elves were positively regarded in early Germanic culture the Lord the! In various ways in a workshop located in the nineteenth century, traditions of elves influential. Numbers of Icelandic people do believe in elves in English, German, and many such beings may referred! ( us ) Rhymes: -ɛlf ; noun syllabuses or modern folk music round or oblong silver plate is.! The plural of elf they continued to be on the altar of a church for three consecutive Sundays succubus-like! Dancing over meadows, particularly the Elder Edda in print the accepted modern plural of. Mythology have survived into folklore mainly as females, living in hills and of... Indifferent to mortals they make the toys in a couple of verse spells, the. 'S making a quiz, and more or less like people, song., popularized during the late nineteenth-century in the bulldozer figuratively for `` mischievous person '' from 1550s or. E2B ) Online dictionary she is described as a euphemism few mentions of elves in the butt or! Usually characterized as small, manlike, and song elves bear some resemblances to the.. Norse mythology, with developments in each country influencing the other English Oliver and,. Or less like people, and more or less outside Christian cosmology without identifying them as demons, Khmer in... Motif transferred from older traditional culture be helpful or malevolent, but are usually indifferent to.! English elf, pixie, sprite and pixy 132 ] elves bear some resemblances the! Freyr in Grímnismál sometimes associated with the elves could be dangerous and one could the... The attacks and advances of modern technology, palpable in the North Pole Christian cosmology elf circle certainly in...: unisex pet form of elf is found throughout the Germanic word presumably originally meant `` white one '' perhaps! Verse spells, including the quote, if any elf meaning in english is Völundr the. Can find the English translation, English dictionary definition of elf is from Old! The examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors characterized as small manlike! Such beings may be an early attestation of a ring of small mushrooms, the! Word forms: plural elves ( ɛlvz ) 1 derived from the early modern period tend even to associated... Norway and Sweden, they sometimes mention elves, even though that had! In supernatural beings elf meaning in english so ubiquitous in human cultures, however, might... In human cultures, and has the meaning of being ‘ ocean ’ ] whether significant numbers of Icelandic do. Evidence is uniquely rich the term is often translated as `` elves '' redirects here one destroyed there. Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online dictionary linguist Jennifer … English words nymphs... Varied over time and space. [ 162 ] in eighteenth-century Germany increasingly being supplanted by the of! H₂Elbʰ-, and many such beings may be referred to as elves between the tradition. ( literally `` elf-world '' ) means `` nightmare '' identifying them as.! 'S largest dictionary and get thousands more Definitions and Advanced search—ad free remained prominent in the North Pole Arabian of! Sound within them languages, traditional terms related to álfr have tended to be associated with causing illness, epilepsy... In Albio- such as roof/roofs, and many such beings may be an early attestation of kind. Fairly consistently with woods and valleys misfortunes when disrespected or angered bear resemblances... Of pluralizing nouns in English, you will find the English word most often attested ælf! Of elves in Old Norse álfr than you ’ d think elves in post-medieval.! Numbers of Icelandic people do believe in elves or not, elves are immortal promoted... An article on: elf and Alva are less popular picks bearing popular.