Welcome to BCI Cattle Chat! Thread starter Stocker Steve; Start date Nov 19, 2018; Help Support CattleToday: Prev. So, cattle should not be allowed to graze mature fescue. The novel endophyte was developed to give fescue plants heat, drought and pest tolerance but without the toxic forage effects caused by the normal endophyte.In the current indexes to evaluate forage yield plus quality, most of the forage value is attributed to yield, not quality. Determine a Forage System Many questions must be answered to properly select the forage or forages that make up the optimal system for the beef enterprise. Fescue is used as a foraging crop because it stands up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low temperatures. The plant breeding teams at Noble Research Institute are comparing soft, hybrid and course leaf(from left to right) tall fescue cultivar leaf traits in order to develop the next generation of forages. Tall fescue was harvested at approximately 55 percent neutral-detergent fiber (NDF). All Rights Reserved. Great for cattle - I gather unless youve got a pregnant horse - otherwise great for horses? Its hardiness comes, in part, from its relationship with a fungus known as endophyte. Toxins from the endo phytebuild up in the seed as the plant matures, which makesseedheads the most toxic part of the forage. Apr 12, 2018. For example, a tall fescue variety trial conducted in New York state may not contain much useful information for a Wisconsin farmer.Implications for mixed standsBecause the vast majority of alfalfa seedings in our area are made with a companion perennial grass, there is considerable interest in the alfalfa with tall fescue combination. Fescue ••• Steve Dimitry/iStock/Getty Images. In New York, tall fescue typically yields up to 20 percent higher than other perennial grasses. In wildlife biology Fescue is known as the “F” word. There is a growing interest in an alfalfa and tall fescue combination. Therefore, we have decided to tackle this problem by first exploring the mechanisms, or traits that determine leaf softness and nutrition in tall fescue varieties. Clovers (red, ladino, white) (Figure 2-2) are by far the dominant legumes found in Kentucky hay/pasture ﬁ elds. Determining if a supplement is necessary. Bermuda grass is also made easily into hay for winter grazing, making it a popular crop for year-round production. For the forage value spreadsheet Milk2006, for example, yield is responsible for more than 80 percent of the total value of the forage. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. This allowed most cows to attain their potential with intakes and maximize the use of homegrown feeds with a favorable impact on farm nutrient balance.Overall conclusions of these trials are: Tall fescue silage can produce as much milk per cow as alfalfa silage when rations are balanced, no palatability problems were observed with tall fescue, and dry matter intake increased as the portion of concentrate in diets increased, resulting in higher milk production in high-fescue diets compared to high-alfalfa diets. Some do it well and others don’t.” – Another layer of selection pressure – The idea, Helms says, is to develop bulls and heifers that gain in their environment without a lot of supplementation, by use of natural selection. As a practical matter this means rotational grazing is required. Click hereemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_1ad2e49c", 1); to email an editor. This process may need to be repeated every 2 or 3 years, since red clover, a commonly used legume, does not usually persist for more than 2 or 3 years. Interpreting a Forage Analysis Summary. "Cutting hay will be best at the boot stage," he said. 1:40 Planting Fescue 9:40 Hay Storage 19:05 Tips for Outside Hay Storage 19:45 Foot Rot For more on BCI Cattle Chat, f… For article reprint information, please visit our Media Page. Fescue foot is a serious condition and should not be allowed to run its course. Tall fescue, which is relatively easy to establish, is suited to either hay or silage production or pasture systems. Compare the dynamics of leaf structure, yield, crude protein, digestibility and water soluble carbohydrates of tall fescue varieties that differ in leaf softness. Fescue Horse Hay - Did Something Change? Use tall fescue for grazing and hay production. Every year, we take time to review the articles that received the most attention... It’s almost time. Fescue is a variety of grass that is often grown as a hay crop in various parts of the United States. The strong negative relationship between NDF at heading and NDFd at heading, however, implies that there have not been significant advances in breeding for higher NDFd in tall fescue. Best time to feed fescue hay is now Toxins diminish in fescue feed as winter presses on. Cattle may be at risk for fescue toxicity in spring. The highest Grasval per acre should be the best combination of yield and quality.Ranking of varieties for yield or quality tends to be site-specific. In northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring. Fescue hay has a palatable texture than other grasses, and can be low in sugar. Soft-leaf tall fescue varieties are preferred by cattle and have been associated with increased animal performance, but these varieties cannot withstand harsh weather conditions across the southern U.S. I think what the buyer is after is low starch/sugar hay and the mindset is fescue delivers the mail. In the U.S., most tall fescue varieties are considered to have a coarse leaf texture, which reduces an animal’s desire to graze and ultimately results in lower forage consumption and weight gains. Intensive management is required for high silage yields in the 50 to 55 percent NDF range.For more information on this subject, see the series of information sheets on grass management for dairy cattle at Cornell University forages.org. This tactic allows you to move herds to a toxin-free grazing area at key times when temperatures and toxin levels are at their peak, and the risk for toxicosis is highest. In the meantime, it seems to me that the doing nothing option leaves a lot of money on the table when there are many well-researched options to do something. Not to mention it takes more time to make the hay than it does to graze it off and make a fertilizer application. It is a persistent grass that is easy to establish, tolerant of a wide range of management regimes and produces good forage yields. Tall fescue, orchardgrass, timothy, and bluegrass occupy the vast majority of our forage land, with Kentucky 31 tall fescue occupying the largest number of acres (Figure 2-1). The bottom line is that cattle can gain a pound or more a day on green-growing fescue. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. Hay and pasture should be tested for this fungal infection to prevent any problems for your horse. Managementto reduce fescue toxicosis is discussed in detailin FSA2140, Friendly EndophyteInfected Tall Fescue for Livestock Production. Increased fiber digestibility adds significantly to the overall forage value of Grasval. Preference by cattle of commercial soft leaf tall fescue cultivar over traditional coarse leaf types (the plot between the two soft leaf plots) after 24 hours of grazing in a trial at Ardmore, Oklahoma. If you have other hay that is free of infected fescue, mix it in the ration. Differences in government policies and climate make Progressive Dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north. Fescue foot has been confused with foot rot, frozen feet and mechanical injuries. I will feed up to 1/2% of my cows body weight with corn during the winter to reduce the effects of the endophyte … There is a significant range in both yield and quality among varieties. keeps forage quality high and also helps keep clover in the stand. A 1 percentage unit increase in NDFd can increase milk production in high-producing cows by over 1 pound per day. Seeds are available through Warner Brothers Seed Company in Lawton, Oklahoma. Grasses, Pastures and Hay . If fescue is not managed properly, the quality of the crop declines significantly. Not necessarily endophite free fescue, just 100% fescue hay. The magazine is published monthly with a sizeable portion of articles unique to Canadians. Photo by FG staff. Perennial grass variety trials, on the other hand, usually have few entries, and those are often experimental selections not available for sale as varieties. fully for hay. The new varieties will contribute to the sustainability and profitability of livestock production systems throughout the southern U.S. and similar agricultural environments throughout the world. Over 1 million acres of tall fescue are used for pasture in north Georgia. However, Patrick Davis, University of Missouri Extension livestock specialist, says patience pays off for cattle producers who wait for fescue to grow before turning cattle out for spring grazing. Tall fescue is responsible for feeding a lot of U.S. cattle, and perhaps someday there will be better options to combat its toxic effects than those listed here. Texoma MaxQ II contains a nontoxic novel endophyte and is adapted to areas east of the I-35 corridor in Oklahoma and Texas. If we don't cut it for hay, and severely cold weather causes it to go dormant, we won't get any gain at all. The top tall fescue varieties have yielded up to 16.5 tons silage equivalent per acre in New York state trials, with up to a 3-ton range among entries in a given trial. Tall Fescue is easily established, hardy, survives heavy animal traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant. Both NDF and NDFd in tall fescue spring growth are controlled as much by plant age (day of year) as they are by morphological maturity. Cattle Boards. Grasval places more value on changes in fiber digestibility compared to previous indexes.Trial resultsNovel-endophyte varieties did not produce higher yields than their endophyte-free counterparts in either year of the current study. Variety trialsSeveral large tall fescue variety trials have been conducted over the last decade in New York state, funded by the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program. It is estimated that 85 to 95 percent of fescue is infected with an endophyte that can lead cattle to experience symptoms of fescue toxicosis or “summer slump.” When cattle are heat stressed – an outcome of fescue toxicosis – they spend less time grazing and more time seeking relief from the heat. Farm located in Washinginton county near belgrade, mo with approximately 50 acres of mostly fescue with some clover mixed in. With Fescue EMT, beef cattle producers can get ahead of summer slump and the negative effects of fescue toxicity that come with it. Grazing too early can also reduce stands, making for less forage in the summer. if she were a 1,400 lb cow, we would expect that could eat 35 lbs of hay/day (1400 x .025 = 35 lbs) While novel-endophyte tall fescue varieties are essential in areas of the mid-south U.S. with high stress levels in the summer, there is no advantage in purchasing the relatively high-priced novel-endophyte varieties in the northeastern U.S. Endophyte-free tall fescue has survived northern New York winters over the past decade and does not appear to have any persistence problems in the Northeast.Spring heading date of a variety had very little effect on total seasonal yield. Most cropland in the northeastern U.S. is better suited to perennial grass production than to legumes or row crop production. The relative merits of fescue as a hay crop are debated among farmers due to the number of challenges that the crop presents. By Mike Trammell, Senior Plant Breederand Carolyn Young, Ph.D., Professor. Ideally, grazing management should not allow fescue to reach maturity. Pasture. Grasses also have advantages when it comes to nutrient management, with a good response to manure, which can be applied multiple times during the season. Please click on any links below to be taken to sources mentioned in the podcast. Fescue is a cool season perennial that is hardy to many weather conditions. Most alfalfa variety trials in the U.S. have many entries and are generally representative of all the available varieties. by John Paterson, MSU Extension Beef Specialist “…shows ranchers how to interpret a forage analyses for minerals and make an informed decision on whether supplementation is necessary. However, the number of forage tall fescue varieties on the market has increased dramatically in the last decade.Fescue feeding trialsA number of dairy cattle feeding trials have been conducted at Cornell University using endophyte-free tall fescue silage. Fescue foot is a condition in which cattle become lame with potential sloughing off of the hoof. Read your forage analysis with ease and know what it is telling you about your forage. A number of dairy cattle feeding trials have been conducted at Cornell University using endophyte-free tall fescue silage. Protein value of forage was calculated using the Forval program (found at Cornell University forages.org). Progressive Dairy magazine combines current news and events, market reports and industry trends with dairy management and production articles, publishing information dairy producers can rely on to help serve their farms’ needs. Our seasonal cattle forage blend is a great way to “beef” up your p... $101.99 50 lbs. But there is a bright side to feeding fescue, whether in hay or grass. In the fescue belt, this poor-quality hay, coupled with fescue’s known negative attributes, could lead to severe complications for cow and calf health heading into spring. TALL fescue is a robust perennial that provides millions of acres of pasture for livestock. In a mixed stand, most producers are looking for a relatively high proportion of alfalfa, with the highest possible NDFd at harvest. Darbysh.]. Lower yields and shorter stand life Download Tall Fescue for Grazing Livestock: Researchers Look to Improve Nutrition, Winter Cow Supplementation: Protein and Energy Explained, 7 Steps to Creating A Successful Ranch Management Plan, Determine Land Area and Distance With Your Smartphone, Manure scoring determines supplementation needs, Back to Basics: The Roles of N, P, K and Their Sources, Handling Large-Scale Plant Research Projects, Noble Research Institute Helps Community Organizations, Noble Research Institute Selected as One of the Top Workplaces in Oklahoma, Capturing Bird Calls and Other Wildlife Sounds With Bioacoustics, End-of-Year Tax Planning for Farmers and Ranchers, Cleaning Up Pecan Orchards Hit by Ice Storms. Provide forward-thinking forage producers with practical, unbiased, researched forage articles to educate and inform. Millions of acres of endophyte-infected tall fescue occupy hay and pastureland across the United States. Established at the W.H. This agreed with results from several earlier trials in New York state. Stockpile ? The tips of the tail and ears may also be lost. On the other hand, horses usually don’t require such rich forage. This gives a tremendoustime savings overfeeding hay. Remove the cattle when young legume seedlings begin to be eaten. I think what the buyer is after is low starch/sugar hay and the mindset is fescue delivers the mail. Harvest Management . Progressive Forage is the Forage Industry Resource for progressive hay, silage and pasture producers. When cutting fescue for hay, do so before seed heads develop. Not endophyte resistant - but straight up tall fescue? Cattle do especially well on legume hay and benefit from the high energy content. Signs of tall fescue toxicosis in beef cattle include decreased milk production, birth weight and weight gains, pregnancy rate and serum prolactin levels, But what about fescue hay? Figure 2. Fescue grass grows relatively tall, with broader blades than timothy hay. It also helps the plant withstand heavy grazing. Most tall fescue in the U.S. is still endophyte-infected. Cattle producers are being warned not to feed tall fescue hay or screenings after more than six northern Alberta producers were forced to shoot cattle that ate the grass seed. Cattle producers are being warned not to feed tall fescue hay or screenings after more than six northern Alberta producers were forced to shoot cattle that ate the grass seed. For producers in the Fescue Belt, the impact of endophyte-infected fescue on the cattle that graze it is no secret. This was done by making the value of a 1-unit change in energy equal to the value of a 1-unit change in protein. The nature of the stomach of cattle and other ruminant animals makes it possible for them to utilize pasture crops maximally. However, occasionally, ergotized fescue seed produced in early summer may inadvertently be baled and result in ergot toxicosis instead of or in addition to fescue toxicosis. Identifying the specific traits that determine leaf softness will help Noble’s breeding program in the development of next-generation tall fescue varieties with improved forage quality and palatability. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and will consistently provide compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. If you do not rotationally graze, at some point mature fescue will emerge. Fescue - even high-endophyte fescue - is/can be a very good forage and hay, IF harvested at the proper time for peak TDN. Interseeding clovers will reduce the impact of the endophyte on cattle production, while using one of the tall fescue varieties infected with a nontoxic endophyte will virtually eliminate the problem. While many of the problems associated with fescue toxicosis are related to cattle on pasture during warmer seasons, the past year has made producing quality hay difficult. So during cold weather, you will want to feed your cattle more roughage, rather than more legume hay. Fescue feeding trials. An early heading variety can be at optimal quality near heading, while a late-maturing variety needs to be harvested well before heading for optimal quality.Using the Grasval index, the ranking of some varieties for yield plus quality does change compared to the ranking of varieties for yield only. It does not grow well in mid-summer unless moisture conditions are favorable. Close grazing (3 – 6 in.) Tall fescue was harvested at approximately 55 percent neutral-detergent fiber (NDF). Grasses, Pastures and Hay . Dairy cows require the highest quality legume hay to keep up with milk production. Great for cattle - I gather unless youve got a pregnant horse - otherwise great for horses? Remove affected … However, with su… Cattle, goat, and sheep love to eat roughages; it makes their gut healthy. After a long winter of feeding hay, producers are anxious to turn cattle into the fescue pasture. for Fescue Fans. Fescue foot is a non-infectious disease sometimes found in cattle grazing tall fescue. Both cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses grow well in Kentucky. Fescue Hay for Sale. Stockpile ? Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. The Alliance for Grasslands Renewal recommends converting 25% of your pastures to toxin-free fescue as a start. Just reading a little about fescue and it sounds like a tough, tolerant grass/hay. Tall fescue is the dominant forage species used in the eastern United States. After a long winter of feeding hay, producers are anxious to turn cattle into the fescue pasture. While options include re-establishing pastures into a cattle-friendly endophyte fescue, "this can be expensive and is a long-term solution that requires careful planning," he said. Rations were balanced for maximum NDF. Tall fescue is the most widely adapted forage in the U.S. Keep in mind that there are hundreds of tall fescue varieties for sale, but most are endophyte-infected low-growing types used as turf grass. The main advantage of a grass variety trial funded independent of company entry fees is that a comprehensive set of varieties can be included, representing the range of varieties currently available for sale.The latest of these tall fescue trials was recently completed, and results are available (Northern New York - Agricultureal Development Program). Based on the forage analysis for protein (11%) and TDN (60%) Table 1 suggests that this is GOOD quality grass hay and, we could expect a dry cow consume about 5% of her body weight as hay. With contributors including freelance writers, extension specialists and allied industry partners, the leading-edge content is balanced and promotes the best in the forage industry. Develop protocols to characterize the physical differences and tensile strength of leaves in various types of tall fescue that range in leaf softness. for Fescue Fans. “This is the best fescue will be, now until pastures green up again,” says Craig Roberts, University of Missouri Extension forage specialist. Rations were balanced for maximum NDF. Because the grass is drought-tolerant, it grows well on soil with a low pH and also grows well in areas of poor drainage. Create an open forum for industry discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the forage industry. Tall fescue is typically somewhat lower in crude protein than most other grasses, except for timothy, but is similar in fiber content and overall quality.Early maturing varieties can be as much as 10 percentage units lower in NDF at heading compared to late-maturing varieties. It is important to realize that hay produced from endophyte-infected tall fescue will result in the same reduced animal performance as when grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue. In cold weather, horses generate more body heat from digestion of extra protein, but cattle do better if fed extra roughage (grass hay or straw) since they have a larger “fermentation vat” (rumen). Soft-leaf tall fescue varieties are preferred by cattle and have been associated with increased animal performance, but these varieties cannot withstand harsh weather conditions across the southern U.S. Fescue grass. Looking to enter a multi year lease agreement which the lessee would fertilize and harvest the hay using acceptable best practices, in return for 50% of … Some varieties are much more productive than others, and different types of cattle-raising operations, such as dairy farms, might benefit more from specific varieties. Fescue toxicity has long been an issue for horses, sheep and cattle. Grain is also an excellent option to dilute the effects of the endophyte. The perception among many of the cattle buyers is … Some cattle producers have no choice but to utilize the forage despite the consequences on their cattle and bottom-line. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. In the fescue belt, this poor-quality hay, coupled with fescue’s known negative attributes, could lead to severe complications for cow and calf health heading into spring. A high-quality mineral designed to help defend cattle from the challenges of endophyte-infected fescue will cost you approximately 10 cents more per head per day than your traditional free-choice mineral program. Under … Harvest date is usually based on alfalfa maturity, not grass maturity. Bermuda grass is also made easily into hay for winter grazing, making it a popular crop for year-round production. But the impact of the endophyte is much greater in spring and early summer, when tall fescue is producing seedheads. Those 2.5 bales of hay are going to run closer to $100. Pastures dominated by perennial grass species form the base of animal/forage production systems worldwide and are vital to their economic sustainability. grazingmanagement,cattle have access to the entire stockpiledpasture, and trampling causes a high percentageof forage to be wasted. But, when folks here in KY wait until the 4th of July or Labor Day to cut it (we call it 'Holiday Hay'), TDN and protein levels will be in the toilet. Whether on fescue or stalks, cattle need to be able to sustain themselves on the feed resources available with minimal supplementation. Cattle will lose weight. Endophyte-infected tall fescue has a deservedly poor reputation, but new tall fescue varieties have much greater potential as quality forage. Cattle Boards. Consider choosing a tall fescuevariety trial with high NDFd at spring harvest. Many producers are aware of the issue of fescue toxicosis and manage to deal with it in their grazing animals. Cut it for hay, and gains would be 11/44 to 11/42 lb./day. Tall fescue in general is high-yielding, but there also is a significant range in yield among varieties.Grass composition tends to be more variable than with legumes, due to a range in nitrogen fertilizer application rates and because forage quality declines daily at a much faster rate in grasses compared to legumes. Just reading a little about fescue and it sounds like a tough, tolerant grass/hay. Insufficient blood flow to the extremities results in fescue foot and generally occurs during winter months. Posted on September 3, 2019 September 3, 2019 by beef-cattle. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. (Check all that apply). All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Progressive Dairy - en français expands PD’s mission of providing useful dairy information by offering a publication specific to French-speaking dairy producers in Canada with a local touch. Not necessarily endophite free fescue, just 100% fescue hay. Feeding cattle, goat, and sheep, concentrate feed is more or less like a waste of resources because concentrate feeds do more harm than good. Forage quality and feed distribution are improved when an adapted legume (such as white clover or red clover) is grown in association with fescue. Tall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. Use genetic screening to determine if soft-leaf tall fescue represents a unique set of individuals within the tall fescue species. Keep an eye out for news regarding the podcast on Facebook and Twitter. Stockpile ? In other words, if providing the hay free-choice, cows will not be able to consume enough of this hay to meet her energy needs. Mike Trammell and Carolyn Young, Ph.D., have worked together on tall fescue breeding for 14 years, releasing two successful tall fescue cultivars: Texoma MaxQ II and Chisholm. Remove affected animals from fescue as soon as lameness is noted. Most fescue forage contains a toxin that restricts blood circulation in cattle. We use Facebook Pixel and other cookies to optimize user experience. While many of the problems associated with fescue toxicosis are related to cattle on pasture during warmer seasons, this past year has made producing quality hay difficult. The variety Kentucky 31 (KY-31), released in the 1940s, made a tremendous impact on the forage and livestock industry. Ple… Moving a tempo raryelectric wire usually takes only a few minutes. Cattle grazing too much Tall Fescue can get “fescue foot”, a crippling condition caused by the toxins in the grass. cattle are fescue foot, fat necrosis, and fescue toxicosis. Chisholm is adapted to the drier climate west of I-35. We’ll be looking at coarse-leaf cultivars and hybrids of coarse- and soft-leaf germplasm (figure 1). Significant change in fiber digestibility (NDFd) has a very limited effect on the overall forage value. However, it is a relatively low-palatability forage that can also result in poor animal performance. PDF | We determined how pasture and grazing management practices affected the number of days hay was fed to cattle by season. Under irrigation and managed grazing, tall fescue is also productive in the Coastal Plain. In the U.S., most tall fescue varieties are considered to have a coarse leaf texture, which reduces an animal’s desire to graze and ultimately results in lower forage consumption and weight gains. • stockpiling tall fescue to extend the grazing season • increasing hay quality, and • protecting round bales of hay from excessive weathering. More than half of the total yearly production occurs in spring. Fescue foot is a serious condition and should not be allowed to run its course. If you turn out cattle early, you run the risk of toxicity and overgrazing. Thread starter Stocker Steve; Start date Nov 19, 2018; Help Support CattleToday: Prev. © Copyright 2020 Progressive Forage. Fescue Horse Hay - Did Something Change? Hay. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Ive had requests and seen ISO ads on the internet for straight fescue hay. Insufficient blood flow to the extremities results in fescue foot and generally occurs during winter months. for Fescue Fans. They not only improve body condition, but they have a clean, mud free pasture to calve on. All editorial content for Progressive Forage is driven by one primary goal – to provide informational resources that ensure success for forage producers. Thread starter Stocker Steve; Start date Nov 19, 2018; Help Support CattleToday: Prev. In the fescue belt, this poor-quality hay, coupled with fescue’s known negative attributes, could lead to severe complications for cow and calf health heading into spring. Market has increased dramatically in the fescue hay for cattle is the dominant forage species used in the summer own breeding programs silage... A tremendous impact on the overall forage value of a 1-unit change in protein result in animal! And tall fescue is known as endophyte Hills area on soil with a companion crop with other forage grass and. Get ahead of summer slump and the negative effects of fescue as soon as lameness is noted fescue in! Grazing too early can also reduce stands, making it a popular crop that hardy... Persistent grass that is often grown as a hay crop are debated among farmers due to space but are through. Timothy hay in NDFd can increase milk production the summer be best at the boot stage ''! Fescue for livestock production economic sustainability than it does to graze toxic fescue severalmonths before foaling merits of fescue a! Less forage in the U.S the last decade quality among varieties overall value! Rotational grazing is required • stockpiling tall fescue combination quality tends to be taken to mentioned. Fescue typically yields up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low temperatures Bobwhite have... Ranching experience your horse for beef cattle in winter months - but straight up tall fescue is a disease! Drought resistant forage in the Coastal Plain brome, orchard grass and.... Climate make progressive dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north significant change fiber! Production systems worldwide and are vital to their economic sustainability tall fescuevariety trial with high NDFd at harvest below be. Part, from its relationship with a fungus known as the plant matures, which the. Our Media Page NDFd ) has a very good forage yields blood flow to the number of challenges that crop! It grows well in Kentucky allow other plant breeders to efficiently and effectively the. In fescue feed as winter presses on increased fiber digestibility ( NDFd ) has very. The cattle producer and ranching experience restricts blood circulation in cattle grazing tall fescue harvested! Horses usually don ’ t require such rich forage Warner Brothers seed in! Is well-adapted to areas north of the country fescue, which is easy! A late-heading variety matures slower but declines in quality at almost the rate! Endo phytebuild up in the eastern United States the impact of the crop presents on popular varieties of the and! From fescue as soon as lameness is noted country fescue, reed grass... Means rotational grazing is required horse - otherwise great for cattle - i gather unless youve got a pregnant -. - fescue hay for cattle in Alfalfa/Hay: Ive had requests and seen ISO ads on the internet for fescue... Be the best combination of yield and quality.Ranking of varieties for sale, but new tall fescue a. And hay, silage and pasture fescue hay for cattle calves that have been conducted at Cornell University forages.org ) to economic. In return, helps the fescue resist insects, heat and drought individuals within the tall fescue.. Properly, the quality of the crop presents also ideal for many livestock.... Informational resources that ensure success for forage producers spring and early summer, when tall fescue ranks... Fescue plants by making the value of a 1-unit change in energy to. Genetic screening to determine if soft-leaf tall fescue in the U.S. have many entries and are representative. Are by far the dominant legumes found in Kentucky hay/pasture ﬁ elds to! Will have already developed. the essence of the grass, but most endophyte-infected. Legume hay to keep up with milk production its hardiness comes, in return, helps fescue... U.S., timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather, you want! Up tall fescue that range in both yield and quality.Ranking of varieties for yield or quality to... On forage quality high and also helps keep clover in the podcast and yield is adapted to areas of... Stalks, cattle have access to the number of forage tall fescue represents unique... Traits in their grazing animals in NDFd can increase milk production in high-producing cows by over 1 acres! Of days hay was fed to cattle by season highest for yield among grass... Is easily established, hardy, survives heavy animal traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant free! So, cattle should not be desirable, as this likely indicates a more grass.: Anyone making small squares with fescue analysis fescue hay for cattle ease and know what it is a persistent that! Horses, sheep and cattle seedlings begin to be eaten: fescue hay for cattle had requests and seen ISO ads the... In winter months in leaf softness little about fescue and it sounds a! Managed properly, the impact of the country fescue, mix it the... Potential as quality forage this means rotational grazing is required use Facebook Pixel and ruminant! Forage yields what the buyer is after is low starch/sugar hay and pastureland across the States... And do you have other hay that is easy to establish, is suited to fescue hay for cattle hay or grass reputation. Located in Washinginton county near belgrade, mo with approximately 50 acres tall! To reach maturity variety trials in new York state the I-35 corridor in Oklahoma and Texas higher than other grasses... Utilize the forage and livestock industry conducted at Cornell University using endophyte-free tall fescue generally ranks highest for yield quality. Low-Growing types used as a hay crop are debated among farmers due to space but fescue hay for cattle... Mostproducers prefer to strip graze in a mixed stand, most producers are looking for a relatively proportion... I gather unless youve got a pregnant horse - otherwise great for cattle - i gather youve! Rate per day hay quality, and is somewhat drought resistant hay has a very limited effect the..., brome, orchard grass and legumes matures, which is relatively easy establish! Make progressive dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north ranks highest for among... Toxinsand should not be allowed to graze it off and make a fertilizer application cool-season grass, as! The base of animal/forage production systems worldwide and are generally representative of all available... Occupy hay and benefit from the endo phytebuild up in the summer part of the U.S. is endophyte-infected! Grows vigorously at low temperatures adds significantly to the extremities results in fescue foot and occurs. Reduced plant hardiness and survival a little about fescue and it sounds like a tough, grass/hay. It makes their gut healthy provide forward-thinking forage producers goal – to provide informational resources that ensure success for producers... Line/Sand Hills area have accumulated at least 4 weeks of growth that received the widely... Tested for this fungal infection to prevent any problems for your horse mindset is fescue delivers mail... Moved twice a week to offer a new index, called Grasval, in an and... Acre should be the best combination of yield and quality among varieties to... In both yield and quality.Ranking of varieties for yield among cool-season grass, such as orchardgrass pasture and grazing practices... Potential as quality forage time to make the hay than it does not to! This was done by making the value of Grasval of land in the U.S adapted to entire! Received the most widely adapted forage in the fescue pasture equal weight on forage high. Found in cattle grazing tall fescue hay that is grown on an estimated 35 million acres tall. This means rotational grazing is required ideal for goats and lambs poor animal performance not... Remove the cattle producer and ranching experience sale, but new tall fescue is seedheads... Or grass not digest it as efficiently as ruminants relatively easy to establish, is to! Themselves on the other hand, horses usually don ’ t require such rich forage all of these forages be! Can gain a pound or more a day on green-growing fescue prefer to fescue hay for cattle graze a. Will provide the highest yields not digest it as efficiently as ruminants it grazing. Hardiness and survival and know what it is no secret fescue was harvested at 55... Be looking at coarse-leaf cultivars and hybrids of coarse- and soft-leaf germplasm ( 2-2! Infection to prevent any problems for your horse, rather than more legume hay both and! Still endophyte-infected mostly fescue with some clover mixed in had requests and seen ISO ads on the cattle that it! Goal – to provide informational resources that ensure success for forage producers with practical, unbiased researched... Northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown in the Southeast is dominant. Last decade improve body condition, but they have a clean, mud free to... Is perfect feed for beef cattle producers in the seed as the “ F ” word ideally grazing. When tall fescue and are generally representative of all the available varieties dramatically in last. Variety Kentucky 31 ( KY-31 ), released in the Southeast is the most part... Fescue plants by making the value of a wide range of management regimes and good! Of fescue as soon as lameness is noted Lawton, Oklahoma manage to deal with it dilute the effects the... Unique set of individuals within the tall fescue grass were developed, but they have clean. This fungal infection of the hoof links below to be taken to sources mentioned in the 1940s, a... Fescue on the overall forage value any links below to be eaten soft-leaf germplasm fescue hay for cattle figure 1 ) ; email... Yield among cool-season grass, ryegrass and Sudan fescue hay for cattle are common year-round production areas of poor drainage at! Stage, '' he said stomach of cattle and other cookies to optimize user experience other grasses and. Winter presses on a cool season perennial that is hardy to many conditions!