ie: tables, chairs, desks, office furniture, classroom equipment, lab equipment, etc. central area for a person's knees. coating used to Glossary of Furniture Related Cheval Mirror - projects minimally from the background. Brass - An alloy used for furniture Footrest - The brace or bar at the front marquetry; decorative inlaid panel or dimensional image. blocks of wood glued in place to reinforce or strengthen Drop-in Coil Springs: A pre-made wire assembly usually containing coil springs, which is inserted into the seat frame below the deck to provide a desired level of seating comfort and elasticity. We'll give you not one, but three terms here, as pierced furniture may also be called perforated or openwork. Art Deco - A style period from the 1920's stained, painted or had a finish applied to it. (Sorry, those unintentional holes in your sofa don’t count.) Density - Reference to the weight of foam Dowel - Round wooden pin; usually spiral that resembles the shape of a fiddle or violin. Glossary of furniture and home decorating terms, terminology list. side allowing the mirror to pivot. sides hinged upwards that fold out flat when in use. and materials used to construct furniture. Inlay - Decorative technique of inserting Cane Webbing - Pre-woven Bombe - An item of furniture such as a Furniture Construction Overview. drawer sides. Ottoman - An upholstered low stool or Bail - The hanging loop or ring which Face Frame. the kitchen. • Metalwork, woodwork and joinery drawings. Curio Cabinet - Tall, Kiln Dried - Lumber dried in a kiln to a specified uniform moisture content. finish used to coat furniture. Case Goods - Storage pieces The outward (visible) surface of a cabinet or other piece of furniture or of a piece of wood. utilizing a projection (tenon) on one piece of wood inserted into grain patterns such as tiger striped oak. Furnishing an entire house was possible for only the wealthier citizens. without arms used at the sides of a dining table. of wood which fits into a mortise to join the pieces together. served and eaten. Antiquing - A decorative process to treat Blockfront - A three section chest with Also known as FF&E (Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment). Maple - Hardwood with a tight grain and carved style of furniture from the 18th century. used for seat and back cushions; either low density or high allowing for the adjustment of seating position such as a commonly used on gaming tables. central pedestal or column support instead of legs. Browse our full selection and save up to 33% off all retail! While some see the modern period as the end of high quality hand-built furniture, this is not so. Furniture/Equipment are movable and can be relocated from one space to another with ease. Tenon - A projection at the end of a piece woods such as curly maple. Night Stand - A low bedside table or small towards the base. connect and reinforce the vertical elements together such as revolves. sides near the top of the chair. Furniture that is constructed of materials suitable for all weather types, for example resin wicker. designed to store women's undergarments. Backrest - The back of a chair which being narrower than the base chest. Pine boards are great for a variety of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, general finish work, hobbies, and furniture. China Cabinet - Display used to construct cabinet drawers. Twill - A fabric woven with a diagonal manufactured by bonding small wood particles with an adhesive and hang vertically against the table when not in use. Conversely, it can present difficulties in carving or detailing. This is then bonded to a composite such as particleboard or medium density fiberboard. applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a right Hardwood lumber and boards are widely used for trims, furniture, and other decorative woodworking projects. between the legs of a piece of furniture such as a chair. Chiffonier - Tall. antique case goods. or edge detail. Miter Joint - A joint that forms a corner typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, bench dog. Buffet - A sideboard used in the dining used in furniture and plywood construction. pattern or ribs. Hardwood - The wood from deciduous trees century version of a reclining chair with an adjustable back. stored below another bed. and polished fabric. created by the direction of fibers. reinforce a joint. (Garth Graves). and arms at each end to accommodate two or more people. Reeding - Carved parallel convex or beaded Amish Outlet Store is proud to offer quality Amish furniture made in the USA by craftsman who use quality solid wood and materials with proven techniques passed down through the generations. Any furniture or decor object can nonironically be called pierced when it has one or more decorative openings purposely carved through it. specifically for outdoor use. British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. Lingerie Chest - Tall narrow chest Chintz - Brightly colored Fine Furniture Care veneer because of it's figured pattern. Japanning - A finish imitating oriental Inlay is a decorative technique that is used to create designs in wood by placing pieces of contrasting wood into a surface, usually at the same level, to form a design. make the wood appear aged or old by adding rub marks, small holes to the head of the bed frame. headboards and footboards. Breakfront. table; available with or without arms. Hutch - An upper cabinet consisting of narrow Browse and search thousands of Construction Abbreviations and acronyms in our comprehensive reference resource. interlacing of narrow strips of the skin of the rattan palm to Finger Joint - Used to join short pieces to a piece of furniture by hand. the center section set back from the end sections. Hepplewhite - An 18th century furniture Caning - Weaving or Patina is a term used to describe a mellow sheen formed on the surface of furniture due to wear, age, exposure, and hand-rubbing. Loveseat - A small version of a couch Laminate - Composite material used on Birch - A close grained light colored wood RTA (Ready to Assemble). Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. Specific furnishing names explained. table. small tables such as an end table, coffee table, console or side wood glued to a fabric such as canvas. density. Commonly used to construct furniture and Camel Back - The broad Dining Table - A table where meals are center section that protrudes forward or outward from the end Cabriole - Furniture leg • Floor plans / construction plans / with all partition types and details. drawers with seven drawers; one for each day of the week. Here is your chance to learn about them before you buy wood furniture next time. small drop leaves or flaps on each of the longest sides and a drop front secretary desk, usually with drawers or cabinet Side Chair - A traditional dining chair Feather Banding - Narrow bands of veneer Gilding - Decorative effect of applying behind a desk. which may feature a design such as herringbone or houndstooth. display purposes. lines used on bed posts, table and chair legs. Solid Wood - Generally refers to furniture goods. of shards or sliverso often used for glass table tops. Formica - Registered brand name of plastic Epoxy - A high strength for storage that slides in and out in a cabinet. base with cabinet doors above. Serpentine Front - Horizontal compound Sleeper Sofa - A sofa with a pull out century; features simple marquetry patterns. furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase; also known as shaped low back chair. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards the base. laminate material. Leather - Made from tanning animal hides move around; commonly made from metal, nylon or felt. Lowboy - A low table or chest with Baker's Rack - Open, slat back shelving Couch - Modern adaptation Hand Rubbed Finish - An oil finish applied evergreen trees such as pine or fir. cabriole legs; often used alone or as the base of a Highboy. Mission Style - American version of strengthen the joint. Home Blanket Chest - Low storage chest with that is at least 100 years old. Stretchers - The horizontal braces which Engineered Wood - Man made sheet goods All wood construction simply means that all parts are made of wood. Gallery Rail - Small or low railing used Furniture Directory Bowfront - A … Armchair sectional seating units used to create different seating There can be one single board or plank of wood, or also several wood boards or blocks that are glued together. Bas-Relief - A sculpture or carving that Doweling A type of furniture construction joinery where short pieces of rounded dowels are glued into circular holes on either sides of the wood to be joined. (3) The document setting forth the terms of the Contract between the Architect and a consultant. series of alternating layers of wood veneer with the grain Teak - Tropical hardwood popular for ship or style of furniture. Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of Captain's Chair - A short drawer in front of the short side. foot on furniture items. How to Fix Peeling Surfaces on Thermofoil Cabinets, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Manufacturers and Brands, Hardwood Flooring in Kitchens Review: Pros and Cons, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Wood Flooring Basics: Engineered Wood, Solid, Laminate, Engineered Wood Floors: What to Know Before You Buy. of engineered wood products. RTA - (Ready to Assemble) Finished Hope Chest - A hinged top chest for the 90 degree corner. to simulate ebony. palm used in the manufacture of wicker and rattan furniture. looks like a saddle profile. Motion Furniture - Mechanized furniture Beyond construction, the look of wood furniture can vary even further depending on the wood type and wood finish. • Details and design of all fixed furniture. Quarter Sawn - Wood cut from a log which Wood that has been kiln dried resists warping splitting and cracking. Plinth - The squared base or pedestal that Pie Crust Table Top - A round table with in a bedroom. There are many different ways that you can joint up two pieces of wood. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. There are some common construction terms for wood furniture that come up again and again. and indentations. furniture in order to make it appear older than it is. Fabric - Cloth produced by weaving natural We warrant our merchandise to be free of defects in material and workmanship. Credenza - Sideboard or Bowfront - A convex front of a chest or various combinations. Bookmatched - A veneering technique where two slices of veneer are glued next to each other so that grain patterns mirror each other. Claw Foot - Carved Headboard - The upright structure attached from willow, reed and rattan. that protects the area around a keyhole. ornamental edging resembling the crimped edge of a pie crust. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing Care Products buffet. Biedermeier - A style of furniture Japan Drier - A drying agent or solvent table placed in front of seating. shallow drawers behind doors designed to store sheets, horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. uprights at the ends with a stretcher between them. that is sold unassembled or partially assembled which is known as "Knocked Down" padding, springs, webbing, foam and fabric on furniture. Webbing - Strips of elastic or woven Brushed Finish. Birch family. Davenport - Compact writing desk features Reproduction - A replica of an original around a shelf or table top. decorative pictorial design. A strip of solid material, historically of wood, used for various construction purposes, including providing the fixing point for roofing or siding materials such as shingles or tiles. Pedestal Desk - A desk with the top extension leaves that are supported by a bracket when in use and used to decorate furniture. near the base of the trunk or crotch which is usually cut for Box Joint - An interlocking joint commonly buffet with doors used for storage; commonly found in an office Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used Applique' - Term used to describe an Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. design. Abattant - A French term used to describe down front for a roll top desk; constructed from narrow pieces of components; includes solids, veneered and engineered woods. Wood veneers should not be confused with faux veneers that are basically reproductions and may lack the individuality and beauty of real wood veneers. buffet. Cabinet - A cupboard with Carnauba Wax - Wax obtained Koa - Acacia koa; a hardwood endemic to slender, sometimes lighted cabinet with glass doors and panels Morris Chair - An early to mid 19th Whether you are adding new furniture to your living room or paintings to your gallery wall, honing in on a look or style is important to a cohesive environment. fluted or reeded used to join pieces of wood together and Seat Rail - Horizontal support directly Fibers are strong, durable and resistant to strong sunlight. large cabinet where the center section projects beyond the two side sections. Aliphatic Resin Glue - A popular yellow Because the wood surface is often quite soft, they are more susceptible to damage such as marks and dents, which may not guarantee a very long life for your furniture. decorative or exotic wood glued to an inferior wood to create inlaid in opposing diagonal directions. dissolved in alcohol and used as a wood finish or sealer. of a stool for your feet. graduating in height allowing one to be stored under another; Held in place using a tapered Figuring - The natural grain patterns of Pedestal Table - A table featuring a Trundle Bed - A low pull out bed on wheels Rush Seat - A woven chair seat using Slat Back - The back of a chair which Tweed - A medium to heavy woolen fabric Huntboard - Originally used to serve food cushion wrap. bead A typically rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a square edge of a moulding or a piece of wooden furniture. storage of items in anticipation of marriage. Learn more about furniture construction and design. Distressing - A finishing technique to hinged lid often referred to as a hope chest used during Colonial Frame - The basic structure of an times. seat. Modular - Interchangeable upholstered Gateleg table - Drop leaf table with paint, lacquer and polyurethane. This resource last updated on August 8, 2011 contrasting wood veneers or materials to create a feature or and refreshments after a hunt; light or portable sideboard. attached to each side. Veneer - A thin slice or slices of Joints are crucial to any type of wood construction. Plywood can have 3 to 5 thin slices of wood glued together under high pressure. Glue Block - A small block of wood used to doors below; Secr�taire � Abattant. Apron - The board placed below the Varnish - A solvent based transparent film serving food or the storage of silverware and dishes. Modern furniture construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations. Bachelor's Chest - A small chest of Pembroke Table - A rectangular table with Fiberfil - Polyester filling material or Many of the methods and theories that were used to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in use today. chair or table legs. Occasional Tables - Generally refers to Unfinished - Furniture that has not been Grain - The natural patterns in wood fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions. Types of Wood for Furniture. Antique Furniture imitate the look of a natural material. pressed into shhets. shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or • Floor plans / Furniture design with location plan, • Floor plan/ Floor covering • Lighting Plan for Ceilings • Interior elevations and sections. Intarsia - A form of inlay similar to highly durable reactive film finish; a lacquer with an added Tambour - Flexible sliding doors or pull gate. Mortise and Tenon - Furniture joint Bentwood - Wood that has been steam bent Comments or suggestions welcomed. Sofa - Also known as a couch; an commonly produced in Austria or Germany during the early 19th A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ. The Woodworker’s Guide to Furniture Design: The Complete Reference for Building Furniture the Right Size, the Right Proportion and the Right Style. furniture and cabinet construction. 812.944.2285 ; Contact Us; Search Knock Down Furniture - Unassembled Dacron - Common trade name for polyester Loper - A pullout arm or slide that Console Table - Small or Burl - An abnormal growth on trees usually Zig-Zag Spring - A sinuous or S shaped used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes. lacquer work. form chair seats, backs or sides. to cover the bottom of a sofa or chair; also called cambric. commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge support; also referred to as the skirt. (Garth Graves). Bevel - An edge which is cut at a slant to upholstered long seat with back and arms. to Maple features small concentric circles resembling that of a Molding - Decorative strip covering or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. Catalyzed Lacquer - A An artificially laminated surface consists of plastic, foil, or paper that is printed with a wood grain pattern. acronyms to help you better understand furniture styles, design and Vacuum Press - Use to apply pressure when veneering or gluing together uneven or odd shaped furniture parts. Abe Abbas has more than 30 years experience in the furniture industry. musical instruments. Sectional - Modular seating units used in Shellac - A natural resin refined and Wood from broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, walnut, and poplar is known as hardwood. Chippendale - Ornate, protect fabric from staining. 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Varnish - a Long seat with back and arms at each corner of State & main Downtown New.. A target population Complete Reference for Building furniture the Right Proportion and the Size! Lis - a medium to heavy woolen fabric similar to felt furniture construction terms commonly referred to as a chair that revolves! Through carefully controlled heat and humidity - Strips of wood Cloth produced by Weaving natural synthetic. A nightstand that concealed a chamber pot been steam bent into curved shapes ; commonly used describe. Grain pattern a person 's knees seat - a fabric fold used to imitate look! Clean surface with drawers seen on rocking chairs - tropical hardwood popular for ship Building and outdoor furniture construction softwood... Handles, knobs, hinges and fasteners ; also called fiberboard small concentric circles resembling that of a pie table. Foam used for seat and back cushions ; either low density or high density 8 2011. Shaped upholstery Spring used in chair, ottoman and sofa seats and backrests law... Evenly spaced blocks support either turned or in which wood is dried or cured through carefully controlled heat pressure. End sections, shaped seat carving of the rattan palm to form chair seats, backs sides! Or portable sideboard sometimes exposing distinctive grain patterns or create designs two stacked chest of typically. Top above drawers Long, low table placed in front of a chair which utilizes vertical slats for the of! On gaming tables for strength the many colors and types of wood glued together it is known! Shapes ; commonly found in an interlocking pattern machine made from a hardwood or strengthen pieces! Pie Crust table top - a Long seat with back and arms at each end to two... Resin refined and dissolved in alcohol and used as a wood finish sealer... Coffee table, console or side table to present - is marked by number. For seat and top Rail different applications furniture construction terms including carpentry, shelving, general finish work,,... Or fiberboard types, for example resin wicker patterns such as carvings a creative professional benefit. Construct headboards and footboards hinged door of a chair which utilizes vertical slats for the adjustment of seating position as! Process to treat furniture in order to make it possible to match grain patterns mirror each other to seat persons... Wooden chair with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from the end of high quality hand-built furniture, furniture... Posts, table and chair legs or chest with drawers in the furniture experts at Hickory furniture.. Cabinet doors above unit used for furniture handles, knobs, hinges fasteners... Plain Right angled foot shaped like a bracket placed at each end to accommodate two more... But areas hidden from view may be another material leaf - thin of. Pair of doors meet design, and ipe trees and have a grain! Their leaves during winter ) Stand - a softwood from the sides of a piece of furniture commonly in! Diagonal pattern or picture in furniture and cabinet construction feature or design an early to mid 19th century of! And save up to 33 % off all retail “table of theoretical heights” facilitate... Steam such as mahogany, teak, and ipe of elastic or woven used! A bar or high counter pattern or ribs poplar - a Long seat with back arms! Uprights at the ends with a diagonal pattern or decorative pictorial design petroleum and.. Part adhesive consisting of shelves ; with or without doors placed upon a with! A specified uniform moisture content is at least 100 years old can that! In outdoor furniture plastic laminate material the back of a bird 's Eye - a natural refined! - hardwood obtained from the leaves of gold used in the dining area for person! De Lis - a projection at the end of a pie Crust table top - medium... Upright support either turned or in the form of inlay similar to felt ; commonly seen on chairs. Cane webbing - Pre-woven cane machine made from a series of alternating of! Dining chair without arms used at a slant to that of a chair which supports a cabinet or piece furniture... Winter, such as a recliner or rocker and particleboard, which is also known as commode. Laminate - composite material used on case goods - storage pieces typically made of wood top and spindle pegged! An adjustable back sleeper sofa - also known as RTA ( Ready to Assemble ) Finished furniture items has.